So your Windows settings don't work from your start menu any more. You've researched it, and found no easy answers.
If you don't feel like resetting your PC, and you don't want to try to muck with creating a new administrator, do one of these when you want to see settings:
Method One:Open the start menu. Find your picture upper left.
Click on your picture
Click on change account settings
Click on HOME in upper left
Now you're in SETTINGS
Hit Windows-R to get to the run command and then type in this:
Right click the windows icon in the bottom left corner of your screen. You will see an alternative menu. Click on settings there.